The decision to have your pet sterilized can be a difficult one for some owners. To help alleviate your concerns, our veterinarians have organized this information explaining the procedure, its benefits, risks, optimial age, secrets to succssful surgery and comprehensive pricing. We understand that you are placing the safety and health of your pet in our hands. We accept this responsibility and want to provide the best care available for your furry family members.
A neuter or orchiectomy is the surgical removal of both testicles. When your pet has not been seen by one of our doctors in the past six months, a pre-anesthetic exam is required before surgery can begin. After arrival, pets are given a “pre-med” injection of sedatives and other medications to help relieve anxiety and stress, make recovery more smooth and reduce pain after the procedure. One or both front legs may have the hair shaved to make IV injections or catheter placement less traumatic. Pets are put under general anesthesia and an endotracheal tube is placed in the airway to protect it and to maintain gas anesthesia, exactly as is done in a human hospital. After being moved to the surgery suite the surgery site is sterilely scrubbed and prepped. An ECG is set up to monitor your pet's heart and devices are used to measure blood oxygen and CO2 to monitor lung function. An incision is made through the skin either in the scrotum or just in front of it through which the testicles are exposed. The vascular supply is tied off and cut, and the testicles are removed. A long acting local anesthetic is applied to the excision site to help with post operative pain management. The incision is sutured closed with absorbable sutures and post operative pain medications are administered. You will be called once your dog is moved into recovery and is awake enough for his endotracheal tube to be removed. He will recover in an ICU cage and be monitored closely. You will be able to pick him up when he is fully recovered from anesthesia, usually mid to late afternoon. It is important to note that both testicles should be descended into the scrotal sac for a routine neuter. If your pet does not have both testicles descended into the scrotum, please speak with our staff.
There are many benefits to having your dog neutered. We recommend that all pets be neutered if you are not planning on breeding them. Benefits of surgery include:
1. No testosterone influence - The absence of this hormone, produced in the testicles, will serve to decrease or eliminate marking behaviors and help to control aggression
behaviors, as well as the tendency to roam or fight. Additionally, in case of accidents, the urine of a neutered dog is less smelly and deeply colored. It will not stink or stain
as badly as the urine from an intact male.
2. Elimination of risk of testicular cancer - Because we remove the testicles, we remove any risk of testicular cancer in your pet. This is especially important for dogs whose testicles have not descended properly as they are at increased risk for testicular cancer.
3. Decreased risk of prostate disease - We do see prostate disease and cancer in our pets. Neutering your dog, particularly at a young age, will significantly decrease or
eliminate the risk of developing this problem.
Although spay and neuter surgeries are considered routine, a neuter is still major surgery. As with any surgery and anesthesia episode, there are risks involved. At the Interstate Animal Clinic, we use the latest in drug protocols and anesthesia monitoring to minimize the risks. Risks associated with a neuter include:
1. Anesthesia complications - Although most pets undergoing sterilization surgery are young, we still recommend pre-anesthetic blood work to identify any underlying medical condition that would increase the risk of anesthesia and surgery. We also recommend an IV catheter and fluids to provide us access to the bloodstream and help maintain blood pressure should a problem occur.
2. Infection - An orchiectomy requires an open incision. This introduces the risk of infection. We only perform this surgery under strict sterile surgical conditions to reduce this risk.
3. Bleeding - Bleeding can occur during and after the procedure for a number of reasons. We offer, as part of the preanesthetic blood work options, a test to help assess clotting ability. Additionally, we monitor the pet closely during and after surgery for any bleeding. You will be contacted immediately should a problem arise.
4. Dehiscence - (opening of the incision) It is extremely important that the pet remain quiet during his recuperation and not be allowed to chew or lick at the incision site. If the incision closure is overly stressed with chewing, licking or exercise, it can open up. This can be a life-threatening situation and requires immediate attention.
When considering the most optimal time to do the surgery for your pet -based on current medical considerations, here are out recommendations:
1. If your pet is being adopted by a shelter complying with state law - the surgery should be done prior to or as soon as possible after adoption.
2. If your are not sure whether or not you can keep your pet from getting pregnant or getting somoeone else pregnant - the surgery should be done at or as closs as possible to 6 months of age prior to becoming sexually productive.
3. If you are confident you can keep your pet from becoming pregnant or getting someone else proengnant - the surgery should be done based on anticipated mature body weight:
a. < 25 lbs at 6 months of age
b. 26 - 50 lbs at 8 months of age
c. 51 - 100 lbs at 10 months of age
d. > 100 lbs at the first birthday
A successful surgery, with no complications, requires the cooperation of both the veterinary staff and the owner. Our clinic strives to provide the best care available before, during, and after surgery for your pet. We do need your help to provide this level of care. Instructions for your pet will include:
1. Do not feed your pet after 9:00 p.m. the night before surgery. He can continue to have water throughout the night.
2. Have your pet at our office no later than 8:30 the morning of surgery. We do our surgeries early to allow us to monitor their recovery all day.
3. Thoroughly consider our surgical options - pre-anesthetic blood work, blood clotting profile, laser surgery, and fluids.
4. Thoroughly complete the surgical check-in form, including leaving us a phone number where you can be reached throughout the day.
5. Keep your pet warm and dry after surgery. It is recommended that all pets be kept inside for a minimum of 24 hours after surgery.
6. Do not allow your pet to lick, chew, run, jump, or otherwise put stress of the abdominal incision. He may need to be crated or wear a cone collar to prevent this. Outside activity should be restricted to leash walking. Caution should be exercised for 1 week after surgery.
Our doctors and staff have organized this site to answer any questions you may have concerning your pet’s surgery. However, if you have other questions, please call.
Thank you for entrusting the doctors and staff of the Interstate Animal Clinic with the well-being of your pet.
Minimum Standard included in all Neuter surgeries to provide immediate access for fluids or response to ansesthetic emergencies.
using state of the art equipment and gas anesthesia
If either one or both testicles have not decended into the scrotum, please see prices for "Cryptorchid Surgery"
To ensure that each pet recovers smoothly from surgery and anesthesia.
Pain control is started with a long acting local anesthetic during surgery then continued afterwards using a combination of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents and primary pain medication completing a comprehensive "multi-modal" pain management protocol.
A comprehensive physical exam in required to ensure that your pet has no overt evidence of underlying problems that might jeoporadize their heath during the anesthesia, surgical or post surgical period.
Includes Pre-Anesthetic Bloodwork, Anesthetic Fluids, and Laser Surgery - save 15% when you bundle all three together!
Help reduce the risk of anesthetic complications by checking "under the hood". Blood work helps us evaluate your pet's liver, kidneys, electrolytes, as well as check for diabetes, anemia and underlying infections prior to subjecting them to anesthesia and surgery.
Maintaing your pet on fluids during the procedure helps stabilize their blood pressure, flush anesthetic drugs from the system and provides a more rapid response time if anesthetic complications develop.
CO2 laser surgery helps seal vessels and nerve endings as they are cut helping to reduce bleeding and post operative pain.
Assessing your pet's blood clotting function can help reduce the risk of post operative bleeding from inherited bleeding disorders since many pets being neutered are young dogs who are having surgery for the first time.
Save 20% by having your pet microchipped while under anesthesia. We strongly recommend microchiping your pet as it is the best tool for getting your pet home if it is ever lost. Microchips cannot be lost like collars or tags. Using a handheld scanner, chips can be read and identified by shelter or veterinary personnel to retrieve an individualized number which can be registered and traced back to you. We do offer a discount for doing microchips while patients are under anesthesia so while it is best to get your pet chipped before you take them home, waiting till they get spayed or neutered will save a few dollars.
Is your pet anxious by having their nails trimmed? Take advantage of having them trimmed while under anesthesia and save $25%.
While already under anesthesia for surgery, your pet may be able to have a dental done (typically pets three years of age or older). This will add $60 - $120 depending on the severity of your pet's teeth. Dental radiographs and extractions are not included in that price and will be discussed by the doctor with you if needed.
While already under anesthesia for surgery, your pet may be able to have an elective gastropexy done. This procedure is comonly done on giant breed dogs (Great Danes, Newfoundlands, Irish Wolf Hounds), to help reduce the risk of Gastric Torsion (bloat). By combining the two procedures, you can safe $70 as a package discount off of the sum of the two procedures.